Event Report

Base data

Event code FL-FLA/01520/SDN
Main category Flood
Sub category flood
Event date (UTC) Wed, 05 Aug 2020 18:29:00 +0000
Last update (UTC) Fri, 11 Sep 2020 14:42:30 +0000


Continent Africa
Country Sudan
Administration area MultiStates
Exact location States of Khartoum, Blue Nile, River Nile, El Gezira, West Kordofan and South Darfur
Open Location Code: 7G8H356C+57
Size of affected area Multi-states event
Additional events None or not detected.

Common Alerting Protocol Information

Urgency Past
Certainty Observed
Severity Extreme
Category Met

Event details

Heavy rains and flooding have affected several parts of Sudan over the last days, destroying more than 1,200 houses and displacing thousands of people, according to an update issued by the UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). According to OCHA; Khartoum, Blue Nile and River Nile states are among the hardest-hit, while damage has also been reported in El Gezira, West Kordofan and South Darfur regions. “According to preliminary information from local authorities, several hectares of crops might have been lost and over 150 livestock washed away, increasing the risk of heightened food insecurity in the months ahead,” the update read. In addition, the collapse of the Bout Earth Dam in Blue Nile state, after it exceeded its full capacity, risks compromising access to water for over 84,000 people living in its vicinity. The heavy rainfall has also increased the risk of disease outbreaks and could pose obstacles to efforts to contain the COVID-19 pandemic. According to the UN, Government and humanitarian organizations are supporting affected families with life-saving assistance, and the Flood Task Force, led by the Government’s Humanitarian Aid Commission. “Currently, partners are using the propositioned supplies and identifying possible gaps, as well the need for replenishing the material deployed for the response,” said the update. Logistics are the most critical challenge to meet the immediate needs, especially in Blue Nile state, as roads are impassable and the area can only be reached via helicopter, OCHA said.

Situation update

Flash floods in Sudan have killed more than 100 people this summer and inundated over 100,000 houses, threatening even a famous archaeological site near the capital of Khartoum and compounding the country's already dire economic situation, officials said. The floodwaters this week entered the ancient royal city of the Kushite kings known as the Island of Meroe, a UNESCO World Heritage site, said Abdel-Hai Abdel-Sawy, head of the archaeological exploration department at Sudan's National Corporation of Antiquities and Museums. The site - called the "Island of Meroe" because of its proximity to the Nile River - was the heartland of the Kingdom of Kush, a major power in the ancient world from the 8th century B.C. to the 4th century. Abdel-Sawy told The Associated Press on Friday that parts of the ancient site, located 200 kilometers (125 miles) northeast of Khartoum, have become submerged. Workers have pumped the water and erected sandbag barricades to protect the site, he added. "But we were not able to reach some points at the site because of the flooding water ... (or) evaluate indirect damage to the site, particularly such artifacts under the ground," he said. Flash floods, which have struck much of Sudan since late July, forced authorities earlier this month to declare the country a natural disaster area and impose a three-month state of emergency. The Interior Ministry said that as of Thursday, at least 103 people have died because of the floods and at least 500 have been injured. More than 550,000 people in all but one of Sudan's 18 provinces have been affected, including Khartoum and North Darfur. Seasonal heavy rainfall, mostly in neighboring Ethiopia, have swelled the Nile, causing water levels to rise 17 and a half meters, or about 57 feet, in August, the highest level in almost a century, according to the Sudanese Irrigation Ministry. Battered by decades of U.S. sanctions, civil war, and mismanagement under former autocrat Omar al-Bashir, Sudan's inflation reached over 100% in recent months. Foreign debt is close to $60 billion and there are widespread shortages of essential goods, including fuel, bread, and medicine. Also on Thursday, authorities declared an economic emergency following a dramatic plunge in the value of the national currency, said acting Finance Minister Hiba Mohammed Ali. She said the transitional government will "not tolerate those who are playing with the food of people." The Sudanese pound has been trading on the black market at 250 pounds to the dollar, despite its official rate of 57 pounds to $1. Information Minister Faisal Saleh said the "deterioration of the currency has been dramatic" and accused loyalists of al-Bashir, ousted in a popular uprising last year, of trying to undermine Sudan's transition to democracy. "The government's treasury is empty," Saleh said.
Torrential rains and floods have killed at least 65 people and destroyed more than 14,000 homes in Sudan. More than 30,400 homes were damaged, and almost 700 cattle died due to the flooding, the Interior Ministry said in a statement late on Saturday. Some 2,000 gold miners were trapped in two mines in eastern Gadarif state due to the bad weather, the Sudan News Agency reported. The Horn of Africa nation through which the Nile river flows is in the midst of its rainy season, which lasts from June to October. Sudan's Khartoum, Blue Nile, and River Nile states are among the hardest-hit by the floods, while damage has also been reported in the Gezira, Gadarif, West Kordofan, and South Darfur regions, according to the United Nations. At least 14 schools have been damaged across the country, and more than 1,600 water sources have become contaminated or non-functional, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Sudan. In Bout, Blue Nile province, a seasonal river burst its banks, further impacting an area where the collapse of the Bout Dam at the end of July already caused significant damage, driving the local population to rely on what surface water they can find. According to humanitarian sources on the ground, this trend combined with poor sanitation and open defecation is likely to increase the risk of disease outbreaks. More heavy rainfall is expected in August and September in most parts of the country, Sudan's meteorological authority has warned. Flooding is common in Sudan, which suffers from poor infrastructure and lacks functional sewer systems and storm drains.


Number of dead: 103 person(s)
Number of injured: 500 person(s)
Number of Affected: 0 person(s)
Number of Rescued/evacuated: 0 person(s)
Number of Missing: 0 person(s)
Number of Infected: 0 person(s)

Event Specific Details

[Flood - flood]

Overview map

Risk Analisys

Nearest marine ports There is no known marine port nearby.
Nearest airports There is no known marine port nearby.
Nearest nuclear power plant There is no known nuclear power plant nearby.

Country Information